Wednesday, December 30, 2009

Chapter III : American Civil War(1861-1865)

The American civil war was the war between the Southern states and Northern states of America. The started when Abraham Lincoln was elected president of the United States in 1860. He main campaigned was to end slavery in the Southern states, which against many people in the Southern states' will. The war broke out when the South or Confederate States of America(the Confederacy), led by Jefferson Davis, started the attack at Fort Sumter in South Carolina. Lincoln responded by volunteering an army from all free states. This army was called the Union. One of the most famous battles was the battle of Gettysburg, when Confederate commander Robert E. Lee won battles in the east but he had to stopped the advance because the defeat in this battle field. But after the Union gained control of the Mississippi River, the war seemed to end easily in the favored of the Northern side. The American Civil War was the deadliest war in American history. More than 620,000 American soldiers had died. But this war was one of the reason why the United States are the superpower today.

Sunday, December 20, 2009

Chapter II : The American Revolutionary War

The American Revolutionary War, also known as The American War of Independence occured between 1775 to 1783. This war began when the Americans in all thirteen colonies were tired of the English rules. They started shooting at Lexington and Concord in 1775. The colonies appointed George Washington to be the commander-in-chief to lead the Colonial Army. The British Royal Navy were able to captured all the Colonial coastal cities easily. The Colonial army were lack of experience in that time, because most of there soldiers were malitia--an untrained soldier mostly farmer. With the aid from the French, the colonial army won the battle in Chesapeake. That victory led to the surrender of the British in Yorktown and the turnning point of the war. And in 1783, the British signed the Treaty of Paris, which is the symbol of the independence of the United States.